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GLOSSARY- AERONAUTICAL TERMS.
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Air Traffic Control

 

A service provided for the control of aircraft flight movements in areas of controlled airspace and aircraft ground movements.  In Jamaica, Air Traffic Control is provided by the Jamaica Civil Aviation Authority.

 

Airline

 

An airline provides air transport services for passengers or freight.  

 

Airport Code

 

A three character code which is the official designation of the airport.  The Norman Manley International Airport code is [KIN]

 

Bilateral Agreements / Air Service Arrangements

 

A set of arrangements that regulate the operation of international air services between two countries. These arrangements usually comprise an agreement, any Memoranda of Understanding and any exchange of letters and/ or notes.

 

Bonded Warehouse

 

A warehouse in which goods subject to excise taxes or Customs duties are temporarily stored without taxes or duties being assessed. A bond or security is given for the payment of all taxes and duties that may eventually become due.

 

Cargo

 

Cargo is any property carried on an aircraft other than mail and baggage.  Mail comprises closed bags handed over by the postal service, whatever their contents may be.  Cargo does not include passenger baggage.

 

Carrier Code

 

Code assigned by the International Air Transport Association (IATA) and commonly used to identify a carrier. 

 

Charter Flights/Services

 

See Non-scheduled flight.

 

City Pair

 

An air route between two pre-defined cities.

 

 

Civil Aviation

 

Civil aviation is one of two major categories of flying, representing all non-military aviation, both private and commercial.

Civil aviation includes two major categories:

 

  • Scheduled air transport, including all passenger and cargo flights operating on regularly-scheduled routes; and
  • General aviation (GA), including all other civil flights, private or commercial

 

Code Sharing

 

 

Commercial Transport Operation

 

An air transport operation, scheduled or unscheduled, involving the transport of passengers, baggage, cargo or mail for remuneration or hire.

 

Connecting Passenger

 

A passenger who is transferring to (from) a flight from (to) another flight (different aircraft and flight number) with the same airline or with a code sharing airline.

 

Courier

 

A fast door-to-door air service for express delivery of documents or small packages.

 

Departure Date

 

The date the aircraft departed from subject airport.

 
Destination Point

 

The airport at which the flight terminates.

 

Departure To

 

The airport at which flight next stops after leaving from subject airport.

 

Destination Point

 

Airport at which flight terminates.

 

Diversion

 

The landing of an aircraft at an airport not included in the scheduled route as a result of malfunction or suspected malfunction, weather conditions, refueling needs etc.

 

Domestic Flight

 

A flight operated between points within boundaries of a country/state by an airline registered in that country.

 

Duty

 

The tax imposed by a Customs authority on imported merchandise.

 

Equipment

 

Type of aircraft used to operate flight, example A300, MDS3, 747.

 

Flight

 

The operation of an aircraft between two points, consisting of one or more flight legs, from leaving the airport of origin to arrival at the airport of final destination, and operated under one flight number.

 

      Flight Number

 

       A one to five character alpha-numeric code for a particular

       flight.

 

       Flight Type


       This is the classification highlighting whether the flight is

       scheduled or aviation operation; and international or domestic

       operation.

 

       International Flight

 

       A flight which lands (takes off) in Jamaica, from (to) a place

       outside Jamaica, or a flight which, being part of an air service

       to or from a place outside Jamaica, takes off from an

       aerodrome in Jamaica and lands at another aerodrome in

       Jamaica.

 

       Scheduled Flight

 

       A flight that is operated for remuneration and is based on a

       published timetable.

 

 

       Non-Scheduled Flight

 

       A flight that is operated for remuneration and is not based

       on a published timetable, but usually based on demand

       within particular seasons.

        

       General Aviation Flight

 

       A civil aviation operation other than Scheduled and

       Non-Scheduled commercial air transport operation; which,

       includes pilot training, business craft, private flights for

       leisure purposes and aerial works.

 
       In-Flight Time

 

       The total time from the moment an aircraft first moves

       under its own power for the purpose of taking off

       until the moment it comes to rest at the end of the flight.

 

       Ferry Flight

 

       A non-revenue flight made to position an aircraft for

       commercial or technical reasons, such as to provide

       transport for stranded passengers en-route, to return

       an empty aircraft used for a one-way charter flight, or

       an aircraft requiring major maintenance action at the operator’s

       home base.

 

Gateway

 

 

In international travel, the port where Customs and Immigration clearance takes place.

 

In Bond

 

The transportation or storage of goods in a condition or location which is exempt under the customs laws from the payment of customs duties for the time period which is allowed by law for transportation or storage.

 

Interline Agreement

 

An agreement allowed by regulatory authority which simplifies the ticketing process and prorates the fare among the carriers providing the services.

Interlining – carriage of passengers and/or freight by one airline on behalf of another airline, based on a formal agreement (an interline agreement) between air carriers which involves the coordination of baggage checks, carriage or air cargo, and the honouring of tickets between the airlines.

 

International Air Transport Association (IATA)

 

A regulatory organization of international air carriers that negotiates air fares, cargo rates, conditions of service, and ancillary matters on behalf of member airlines.

 

  

International Civil Aviation Organization

 

 

ICAO -an agency of the United Nations, codifies the principles and

techniques of  international air navigation and fosters the planning

and development of international air transport to ensure safe and

orderly growth. The ICAO Council adopts standards and

recommended practices concerning air navigation, prevention

of unlawful interference, and facilitation of border-crossing

procedures for international civil aviation.      

 

Lease

 

         Dry Lease

       The lease of aircraft only.  The lessee provides its own  

         crew or pilot. The lessee maintains control of the  aircraft.

 
         Wet Lease

         The lease of aircraft including crew and other services as

         part of the lease agreement. The lessor maintains control of

         the aircraft.

 
Load Factor

 

The proportion of seating capacity of an aircraft which is actually used for a flight.

 

Mail

 

Dispatch of correspondence and other objects tendered by and intended for delivery to postal administrations, or goods carried under the terms of an international postal convention example, letter mail and air parcel.

 

Mail Off

 

Mail off-loaded from flight at subject airport.

 

Mail On

 

Mail loaded on to flight at subject airport.

 

Maximum Take Off Weight (MTOW)

 

Maximum permissible weight, specified in the certificate of airworthiness or other prescribed document, at which the aircraft may take off in the most favourable circumstances.

 

Movement

 

The landing or take off of an aircraft at subject airport.

 

Non-Revenue Passenger

 

An individual who is defined as any passenger who is two years old or younger.

 

Nonscheduled Flight

 

A flight that is operated not based on a published timetable but usually based on demand within particular seasons and unlike scheduled flights are usually given (in the Jamaican case) permits to operate for short periods, example charters.

 

‘Open Skies’ Agreement

 

An agreement to remove restrictions on the ability of airlines to operate services between two countries.

 

 

Passengers

 

Any person, excepting members of crew operating that flight, that is carried or to be carried on flight, with the consent of the carrier.

 

        Commercial Passengers

 

        Revenue and non-revenue passengers arriving or departing

        via commercial aircraft on a scheduled or non-scheduled

        flight.

 

        Connecting Passenger

 

        A passenger who is transferring to (from) a flight from (to)

        another flight (a different aircraft and flight number) with

        the same airline or with a code sharing airline. 

 

        Domestic Passenger

 

        A passenger who has their point of origin and final destination

        between airports (or aerodromes) located within the same

        country or territory.

 

        International Passenger Embarked

 

        A passenger who boarded flight at the subject airport and

        who has as his/her final destination an international location.

 

        International Passenger Landed

 

        A passenger who has the subject airport as his/her final

        destination, and an international location as his/her  initial point

        of travel (Point of Origin).

  

        Intransit or Direct Transit Passengers

 

        Passengers who arrive at a designated airport on a flight and

        who will be continuing their journey on an aircraft with the

        same flight number. 

 

Point of Origin

 

The airport from which the flight started or originated.

 

Registration Number

 

The number marking the entry of civil aviation aircraft into the register established and maintained by the responsible civil aviation authority of contracting state in accordance with its applicable laws and regulation.

 

Runway End Safety Area (RESA)

 

An area symmetrically about the extended runway centerline and adjacent to the end of the strip primarily intended to reduce the risk of danger to an aeroplane undershooting or overrunning the runway.


 

 

RIGHTS – Commercial Aviation

 

The Freedoms of the air are a set of commercial aviation rights granting a country's airline(s) the privilege to enter and land in another country's airspace.

 

         First Freedom

 

         The right to fly over a country without landing

            

         Fifth Freedom Rights

 

         The right to carry passengers from one's own country to a

         second country and from that country to a third country.  

 

         Two sub-categories exist:  

 

          Beyond Fifth Freedom allows a carrier the right to carry

          passengers from one country to another country and then,

          beyond, to the third country.

          Intermediate Fifth Freedom allows the right to carry

          passengers from the third to the second country.

 

     Stopover Rights

 

          The right of a carrier from one country to carry its own       

          international passengers between two points within another

          country.

 

Scheduled Departure and Arrival Times

 

The time that an aircraft is scheduled for takeoff from the origin airport, or

landing at the destination airport, as set forth in published schedules.

 
Scheduled Flight

 

A flight which is operated, for remuneration and is based on a published time table, or so regular or irregular as to constitute a recognizably systematic series, which are open to direct booking by the public.

 

Scheduled Time

 

The time the aircraft was originally tabled to land at or take off from subject airport.


 

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